History & Geography
The history curriculum adds the most to our topics and our pupils are fascinated by the past. We aim to expand their breadth of knowledge from the Stone Age to the Vikings and about significant figures such as Isaac Newton or significant events such as the Battle of Britain. They also learn about the history of the wider world and about societies that contrast with ours, such as the Mayan Civilization. Through their history topics, we aim to develop our pupils’ skills in thinking critically, weighing up the evidence and developing their own perspective on the past. The choices we have made in our coverage reflect what is relevant to our pupils and the community in which they live.
To begin their historical journey, pupils will begin to talk about the past and present events in their own lives. Building on from this, pupils will start to develop their understanding of chronology and start to compare different ways of life in different periods. As well as beginning to ask and answer historical questions, pupils will start to use sources and stories to develop their understanding historical events. In time, pupils’ understanding of chronology will become more secure and they will begin to make connections and spot contrasting trends between historical periods. Using relevant historical information, pupils will learn to question the validity of evidence in order to construct informed responses.
Geography also shapes our topics and our pupils are keen to learn about places near or far. As much as possible, we enable them to learn through fieldwork, such as making maps and sketches in Great Gonerby. Pupils use a variety of resources to learn about the human and geographical features of places further afield so that they can compare them with Grantham. As our pupils’ understanding grows, they learn more about the formation of landscapes and about physical features such as Volcanoes and Earthquakes.
Starting within their immediate environment, pupils will learn to talk about features which they can see and use simple maps to identify known places. Continuing on their geographical journey into KS1, pupils will begin to develop a basic knowledge of composition of the world and the United Kingdom and how this can affect the seasons and the weather. They will be introduced to using a range of photographs, maps and their own observations.
As well as continuing to develop their skills in using atlases and globes, KS2 pupils will extend their geographical knowledge while honing in on specific locations across the world to deepen their understanding of the world’s composition. Using the topographical features, pupils will start thinking about the impact these would have on land use, trade, economy and natural resources. Building on prior skills, pupils will use fieldwork to collect, interpret and present information about their local area.
Through our topic planning we ensure pupils are taught the skills as per the overview and progression documents below.